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The cleaning and maintenance of floor and wall tiles

The cleaning and maintenance of floor and wall tiles

This paper has been written with the aim of providing advice and recommendations for all parties in the process of designing, fixing and using wall and floor tiles in domestic situation and commercial installations. The document should be read in conjunction with current and forthcoming British, European and International standards.

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Table of Contents

1 Foreword
2 History and scope of document
3 Considerations
4 Health and safety
5 Cleaning and maintenance of ceramic tiles
5.1 …Unglazed ceramic tiles
5.1.1 ……Fully vitreous porcelain
5.1.2 ……Vitreous quarry and extruded quarry tiles
5.1.3 ……Terracotta tiles
5.1.4 ……Geometric and encaustic tiles (e.g. Victorian)
5.1.5 ……Polished tiles
5.1.6 ……Semi Polished tiles
5.1.7 ……Partially polished tiles
5.2 …Glazed ceramic tiles
5.2.1 ……Glazed ceramic floor tiles
5.2.2 ……Glazed ceramic wall tiles
6 Cleaning and maintenance of natural stone
6.1 …Limestone
6.2 …Granite
6.3 …Basalt
6.4 …Marble
6.5 …Quartzite and sandstone
6.6 …Slate
6.7 …Travertine
7 Cleaning and maintenance of other tiles
7.1 …Agglomerate tiles
7.2 …Metal tiles
7.3 …Glass tiles
8. …Cleaning and maintenance programmes
8.1 …Ceramic tiles
8.1.1 ……Installation
8.1.1.2 ………Ceramic tiles
8.1.1.3 ………Quarry, encaustic, geometric, Victorian tiles
8.1.1.4 ………Polished ceramic tiles
8.1.1.5 ………Terracotta tiles
8.1.1.5.1 …………Daily and weekly maintenance
8.1.1.5.2 …………Monthly/annual maintenance
8.1.1.5.3 …………Deep cleaning and top up
8.1.1.5.4 …………Spot cleaning
8.1.1.5.5 …………Renovation
8.1.2 ……Initial cleaning after fixing of tiles
8.1.3 ……Routine cleaning
8.1.3.1 ………Manual cleaning
8.1.3.2 ………Mechanical cleaning
8.1.4 ……Periodic deep cleaning
8.1.5 ……Renovation of tiles
8.2 …Natural stone
8.2.1 ……Installation (pre-cleaning)
8.2.2 ……Installation (pre-sealing)
8.2.3 ……Installation (grout removal)
8.2.4 ……Installation (final seal and surface coatings)
8.2.5 ……Routine maintenance
8.2.6 ……Deep cleaning and renovation
9. …Cleaning and maintenance of wall and floor tile grout
9.1 …Initial cleaning
9.1.1 ……Ceramic tiles
9.1.2 ……Natural stone
9.2 …Routine maintenance cleaning
9.3 …Renovation of grout
10. …Removal of stains
10.1 …Ceramic tiles
10.1.1 ……Red wine/strong coloured staining
10.1.2 ……Urine
10.1.3 ……Efflorescence
10.1.4 ……Limescale
10.1.5 ……Paints
10.1.6 ……Rust and iron staining (oxides)
10.1.7 ……Rubber marks, oils, fats, tea and coffee
10.1.8 ……Mould and mildew (black and green algae spores)
10.1.9 ……Soot and fire damage
10.1.10 ……Other types of stains
10.2 …Natural stone
10.2.1 ……Rust and iron staining (oxides)
10.2.2 ……Oil, tea, coffee and general food staining
10.2.3 ……Acidic staining/damage including wine/vinegar and fruit juices
10.2.4 ……Mould and mildew
10.2.5 ……Soot and fire damage
10.2.6 ……Efflorescence
10.2.7 ……Limescale
10.2.8 ……Flood damage
10.2.9 ……Red wine
10.2.10 ……Urine
10.2.11 ……Other types of stains
11 Checklist
12 References and bibliography